Effect of prone position without volume expansion on pulse pressure variation in spinal surgery : a prospective observational study


Hemodynamics ; Prone position ; spine ; pulse pressure ; monitoring ; fluid response

Published online: Mar 28 2022


H. Jabbour (*), M. Abou Haidar (*), K. Jabbour (*), A. Abi Lutfallah (*), H. Abou Zeid (*), I. Ghanem (**), N. Naccache (*), E. Ayoub (*)

(*) Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Hotel Dieu de France, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.
(**) Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hotel Dieu de France, Saint Joseph University, Beirut, Lebanon.


Background : Pulse pressure variation (PPV) is a predictor of fluid responsiveness in supine patients under mechanical ventilation. Its use has also been validated in the prone position. The aim of this study was to assess changes in PPV induced by prone position in patients undergoing spinal surgery.

Methods : Ninety-six patients aged 12 to 75 years, scheduled for elective spinal surgery were included. Patients were excluded if they had clinical signs related to any organ failure, or if they required vasoactive drugs and/or volume expansion during the early stages of anesthesia. Patients received a standardized anesthesia protocol. Fluid expansion was not allowed from induction until 10 minutes after positioning. Hemodynamic measurements recorded before the induction of anesthesia (T0) included : arterial pressure (systolic (SAP) diastolic (DAP) and mean (MAP)) and heart rate (HR). Radial artery was cannulated after intubation and measurements, as well as PPV, were noted in supine position (T1). Patients were then placed in prone position hemodynamics and PPV measurements were repeated (T2).

Results : Forty-eight patients completed the study. Anesthesia induction induced a significant decrease in SAP, DAP, and MAP with no effect on HR. Prone position did not induce any significant changes in SAP, MAP, DAP, and HR. A significant difference was found between PPV values in supine (Mean=10.5, SD=4.5) and prone positions (Mean=15.2, SD=7.1) ; t=-4.15 (p<0.001). The mean increase in PPV was 4.7%.

Conclusion : Prone position without prior volume expansion induces a significant increase in PPV prior to any modification in arterial blood pressure and heart rate.